Archive for the counterinsurgency Category

Sheehan Presenting at 2017 Annual Southern Political Science Association Conference

Posted in academic freedom, afghanistan, american political science association, analysis, APSA, assad, authoritarian, baghdad, baltimore, civil liberties, civil unrest, college of public affairs, congress, counterinsurgency, counterintelligence, counterterrorism, democracy, deterrence, diplomacy, dissident, Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan, education, evidence-based, foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, freedom, fundamentalism, global, human rights, human security, intelligence, international relations, international security studies, iran, iraq, irgc, ISIS, israel, Ivan Sascha Sheehan, media, middle east, military, New Orleans, nonproliferation, nuclear, opposition, policy, political repression, political science, politics, Professor Ivan Sascha Sheehan, regime change, regime change from within, research, resistance studies, rouhani, sanctions, scholarly, sectarian conflict, securitization, security studies, senate, senate foreign relations committee, sheehan, social science, southern political science association, state department, syria, teaching, tehran, terrorism, threat, war, weapons, yemen with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 10, 2017 by Professor Sheehan

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SHEEHAN | 2017 Annual Southern Political Science Association Conference | New Orleans, Louisiana | 12-14 Jan 2017

Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan – Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs – will both present and chair panels at the 88th Annual Southern Political Science Association Conference at the Hyatt Regency New Orleans on January 12-14, 2017. #PDF

Dr. Sheehan is scheduled to participate in the following panel discussions:

  • Panel: Domestic Politics & International Relations of MENA
    Section: International Relations and Domestic Politics
    Role: Chair
  • Panel: Normative Political Theory: History & Politics
    Section: History and Politics
    Role: Panelist – Gandhi’s War of Resistance: Religious, Secular, and Realist Influences
  • Panel: Human Security, Human Rights, & International Law
    Section: International Politics: Global Issues, IPE, Human Rights
    Role: Chair
  • Panel: Propaganda, Violence, & the Islamic State
    Section: International Politics: Conflict and Security
    Role: Discussant

The Southern Political Science Association is one of the oldest and largest political science organizations in the United States. Founded in 1929, its principle goals are to improve teaching, to promote interest and research in theoretical and practical political problems, to encourage communication, and to develop standards of competence and respect between persons engaged in the professional study and practice of government and politics.

Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan is the Director of the graduate programs in Negotiations & Conflict Management and Global Affairs & Human Security in the College of Public Affairs at the University of Baltimore.

For additional research or media related updates or to learn more about Dr. Sheehan, follow him on Twitter @ProfSheehan or link to his research profiles.

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SHEEHAN: Trump’s Torture Stance is Bad Counterterrorism Policy | The Hill | Op-Ed

Posted in analysis, assad, assessment, baghdad, bipartisan, CIA, clinton, college of public affairs, congress, council on foreign relations, counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, debate, democracy, democrat, deterrence, Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan, education, evidence-based, foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, gingrich, House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism and Non-Proliferation, human rights, human security, intelligence, international relations, international security studies, ISIS, Ivan Sascha Sheehan, media, middle east, military, policy, political science, politics, Professor Ivan Sascha Sheehan, republican, research, romney, scholarly, security studies, senate, senate foreign relations committee, sheehan, social science, state department, suicide attacks, suicide terrorism, syria, terrorism, the hill, threat, trump, united nations, white house, zakaria with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 2, 2016 by Professor Sheehan

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SHEEHAN: Trump’s Torture Stance is Bad Counterterrorism Policy | The Hill | Op-Ed | 1 July 2016

In the aftermath of terrorist attacks in Istanbul on June 28, Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan – Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs – questions the wisdom of Donald Trump’s embrace of torture as an appropriate counterterrorism tool. The criticism is situated in the context of studies Dr. Sheehan has undertaken over the past ten years on matters related to evidence-based counterterrorism policy. #PDF #PR

Excerpts:

When force disintegrates into barbarism in asymmetric conflicts, as it was shown to do in footage released in 2003 depicting abuse and humiliation of Iraqis at Abu Ghraib prison, the negative effects are magnified. The photographs of U.S. soldiers and CIA personnel abusing Iraqi prisoners was not simply, as Fareed Zakaria (2005) put it, just “bad public relations”:

Ask any soldier in Iraq when the general population really turned against the United States and he will say, ‘Abu Ghraib.’ A few months before the scandal broke, Coalition Provisional Authority polls showed Iraqi support for the occupation at 63 percent. A month after Abu Ghraib, the number was 9 percent.

The lesson: When you brutalize the enemy, there are negative consequences.

Dr. Sheehan is the Director of the graduate programs in Negotiations & Conflict Management and Global Affairs & Human Security in the College of Public Affairs at the University of Baltimore.

For additional research or media related updates or to learn more about Dr. Sheehan, follow him on Twitter @ProfSheehan or link to his research profiles.

*PRESS RELEASE via University of Baltimore*

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Sheehan @ 2015 APSA Conference

Posted in 9-11, american political science association, analysis, APSA, counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan, education, evidence-based, foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, international relations, international security studies, Ivan Sascha Sheehan, middle east, military, policy, political science, Professor Ivan Sascha Sheehan, research, scholarly, securitization, security studies, sheehan, shiite, social science, sunni, terrorism, threat, war, weapons with tags , , , , , , , , on May 14, 2015 by Professor Sheehan

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Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan, Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Baltimore, is scheduled to both chair and serve as a discussant for several panels at the 111 Annual American Political Science Association Annual Meeting in San Francisco, California between September 3-6. The panels include Foreign Policy of Middle East States and Examining Counterterrorism and Insurgency Policies.

Dr. Sheehan is the Director of the graduate programs in Negotiations and Conflict Management and Global Affairs and Human Security in the College of Public Affairs at the University of Baltimore.

For additional research or media related updates or to learn more about Dr. Sheehan, follow him on Twitter @ProfSheehan or link to his research profiles.

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SHEEHAN: Balancing Ends, Ways, and Means: The Case for Reviving Support for ‘Regime Change from Within’ in Iran | The Journal on Terrorism and Security Analysis | Syracuse University | Spring 2015 | 10th Edition

Posted in 9-11, afghanistan, analysis, arak, ashraf, assad, baghdad, ballistic missiles, bioterrorism, brussels, camp liberty, chemical weapons, CIA, civil unrest, clinton, congress, council on foreign relations, counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, covert, crimes against humanity, debate, delisting, democracy, deterrence, diplomacy, dissident, Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan, european union, fordow, foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, freedom, fundamentalism, geneva, global, haider al-abadi, hostages, human rights, human security, IAEA, intelligence, international relations, international security studies, iran, iraq, irgc, ISIS, israel, Ivan Sascha Sheehan, kerry, kurd, maliki, media, MEK, MI6, middle east, military, mossad, mousavi, natanz, NCRI, negotiation, netanyahu, nuclear, obama, P5+1, paris, PMOI, policy, political science, politics, preemptive, Professor Ivan Sascha Sheehan, protest, qum, rajavi, regime change, regime change from within, research, rouhani, sanctions, security studies, senate foreign relations committee, sheehan, shiite, state department, strike, sunni, syria, tehran, terror tagging, terrorism, threat, u.s. foundation for liberty, unrest, war, weapons, white house, yemen, zakaria, zarif with tags , , on March 7, 2015 by Professor Sheehan

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SHEEHAN: Balancing Ends, Ways, and Means: The Case for Reviving Support for “Regime Change from Within” in Iran | The Journal on Terrorism and Security Analysis | Syracuse University | Spring 2015 | 10th Edition

As a March 31 deadline looms and world powers scramble to negotiate over Iran’s nuclear program – and on the heels of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s warnings to a joint session of Congress this week – Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan has published his latest paper titled Balancing Ends, Ways, and Means: The Case for Reviving Support for ‘Regime Change from Within’ in Iran in The Journal on Terrorism and Security Analysis (Syracuse University). In the paper he argues that “the U.S. needs to abandon the idea that pressure on Iran in the form of support for “regime change from within” will only derail talks. As Kenneth Pollack has pointed out, Iran does not moderate when the pressure is off but when it is high.

Excerpt: The regime’s expanding use of proxies to destabilize its neighbors is another matter of urgent concern. Iran still provides small arms shipments and training to the Taliban in Afghanistan. In addition, and despite its pledge to support Iraq’s stabilization, it gives regular guidance and training to Shia militants in Iraq. It has also deployed several hundred military specialists, including senior Quds Force commanders to Syria and is believed to have spent billions of dollars to support the Assad regime as it continues its brutal crackdown on the Syrian people, a crackdown that has resulted in the deaths of more than 70,000 civilians. Additionally, Iran has been sending weapons to secessionist movements to foment dissent and destabilize Yemen. These activities too are unlikely to stop in the presence of a nuclear deal, if one occurs. As Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, indicated as recently as November 2013, Iran is determined on “challenging the influence of America in the region and extending its own influence”and it does not appear to be inclined to change how it pursues its influence “one iota.” 

Further, to support these activities and defend against potential fallout, Iran has intensified a brutal crackdown on its own citizens. While the regime’s record on human rights has always been poor, its repression of ordinary Iranians reached new heights in the wake of the disputed elections of 2009. Protestors were arrested en masse, tortured, raped and killed in prison. Today, as many as 500 Iranian dissidents, including minority rights and women’s activists, are still behind bars. Leading opposition figures such as Mir Hossein Mousavi, Mehdi Karroubi, and Zahra Rahnavard have now been held under house arrest for three years without charges or trial, and “despite President Rouhani’s numerous promises to respect people’s rights following his June 2013 electoral victory,” serious rights abuses continue. One of the most alarming trends is the surge in executions. Iran is now ranked number one, above China, in executions per capita. According to Ahmed Shaheed, Iran’s UN special rapporteur for human rights, 176 people were put to death in January, February, and early March of 2014 alone. Several were executed in public and many sources believe the numbers are much higher. According to other reports, including the Human Rights Documentation Center, more than 500 people have been executed since Rouhani took office. These trends, coupled with the regime’s record of arbitrary detention and unfair trials, discrimination against minorities, mistreatment of political prisoners and restrictions on freedom of expression, led the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, to deliver a sharp rebuke to Iran’s president, Hassan Rouhani, as recently as March 2014. The problem is that such abuses not only affect individuals and communities. In “a world of complex interdependencies and trans-border activities,” they also have “spillover effects.” In particular they can increase the flow of refugees with destabilizing effects in neighboring countries. In addition, as Tim Dunne points out they “diminish the constraining capacity of key norms” and in the process give a “green light” to other states to engage in similar repression in blatant violation of international standards of behavior.

Access a full PDF of the newly published article here.

For additional research or media related updates or to learn more, follow Dr. Sheehan on Twitter @ProfSheehan.

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SHEEHAN: Conflict Transformation as Counterinsurgency | Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice | March 2014

Posted in 9-11, afghanistan, analysis, baghdad, college of public affairs, conflict resolution, conflict transformation, congress, council on foreign relations, counterinsurgency, counterterrorism, courses, data, databases, democracy, diplomacy, education, evidence-based, foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, framing, global, human rights, human security, international relations, international security studies, international studies association, iraq, ISA, media, middle east, militarization, military, obama, peace, peace and conflict studies, peace review, peacebuilding, pedagogy, petraeus, policy, politics, research, scholarly, securitization, security studies, sheehan, social science, soldier, stability operations, state department, teaching, terrorism, transformation of war, university of baltimore, war on March 17, 2014 by Professor Sheehan

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SHEEHAN: Conflict Transformation as Counterinsurgency | Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice | March 2014

Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, 26:121–128; Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC; ISSN 1040-2659 print; 1469-9982; Online DOI: 10.1080/10402659.2014.876327

Dr. Ivan Sascha Sheehan is published in the March 2014 edition of Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice. Dr. Sheehan’s latest study — Conflict Transformation as Counterinsurgency — is an empirical examination of the increasing usage of conflict transformation concepts in the context of counterinsurgency doctrine. Peace Review is a peer-reviewed journal published by Taylor and Francis Group, LLC/ Routledge that addresses current issues and controversies that underlie the promotion of a more peaceful world.

Excerpt | Conflict Transformation as Counterinsurgency | Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice | March 2014

…By October of 2008, Colonel Patrick Kelleher, in a report submitted to the Joint Military Operations Department at the Naval War College, had proposed that conflict transformation be embraced wholesale by the U.S. government as the primary framework and a “paradigm” for “Security, Stability, Transition and Reconstruction Operations (SSTR)” in what was now being called the “Long War” against insurgency. Borrowing from Lederach the importance of implementing a process to achieve “sustainable results” and from other influential work by Miall, Ramsbotham, and Woodhouse, he addressed the need to achieve transformation at five levels: “context transformation,” “structural transformation,” “actor transformation,” “issue transformation,” and “personal and group transformation.” But at each level, although he used the language of conflict transformation (paying attention to “basic human needs” and “empowering civil society”), he cast its intent in clearly utilitarian and prescriptive terms, such as to “win the peace,” “to establish a new domestic order,” and “to further U.S. objectives.”

Retrieve in #PDF Format – SHEEHAN: Conflict Transformation as Counterinsurgency | Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice | March 2014

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